Explain the meaning of Sales Journal/Book?
Transactions relating to Sale of goods on credit are recorded in the Sales Journal. Cash sales are recorded in the Cash Book. It means that Sales Journal records only credit sales of goods. For example sale of old furniture by a firm which is dealing in computers is not treated as goods and items relating to computer are regarded as goods. In case of sale of goods on credit, one copy of an Invoice or Bill prepared by the vendor firm is given to the customer. It contains information about the date of transaction, details of items sold at List Price less trade discount if any. Invoice Number and the amount receivable or payable by customer.
When a customer purchases goods in bulk, the vendor may allow him a discount, which is called trade discount. In the invoice, trade discount is deducted from the list price of the goods and the customer is debited only with the net amount. This discount is quite different from the cash discount, which is allowed for payment within a stipulated period.