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Must know About India- Pakistan River Dispute
September 15, 2016

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  • Indus water treaty was signed between India and Pakistan and it was brokered by the World Bank
  • Indus Water Treaty was signed in Karachi in 1960 by Prime Minister of India Jawarlal Nehru and Pakistan president Ayub Khan
  • According to this treaty – Eastern rivers – Ravi, Bias and Sutej were given to india and Western rivers – Chenab, Jhelum and Indus were given to Pakistan.
  • Disputes are referrable to the International Court of Arbitration (Hague)
  • Permanent  Indus Commission has been established  and each country has one commissioner in it
  • Kishanganga Hydro Project:  This is run -of -the river hydroelectric project. Water of Kishanganga river has been diverted to the Basin of jhelum. It was started in 2007 and was expected to complete by 2016. Pakistan took the matter to International Court of Arbitration in 2011 and project was halted.
  • Baglihar  Dam Dispute:  It was started on the Chenab river in 1999. It is run-of-the river hydro project.  Its first phase was completed in 2004 and second phase in 2008. Pakistan objected its construction citing the violation of Indus water treaty 1960.
  • Ratle River Hydroelectric Project:  It is being constructed on Chenab river in Doda District , J &K.  It is run-of – the river hydroelectric project. 

 

 

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