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Indus Waters Treaty some key points
September 23, 2016

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Indus Waters Treaty – some key points

  • The Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) came into being after a World Bank brokered deal between India and Pakistan in 1960
  • The treaty classified Indus system into Eastern ( Sutlej, Beas, and Ravi) and Western ( Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab) rivers.
  • The Treaty gave India full rights over the waters of the eastern rivers, while it had to let the western rivers flow “unrestricted” to Pakistan.
  •  India could use the waters of western rivers as well, but only in a “non-consumptive” manner. It could use it for domestic purposes, and even for irrigation and hydropower production, but only in the manner specified in the Treaty. With the eastern rivers, India could do as it pleased.
  • A permanent Indus Commission has been established. Indus Commissioners from each country has been appointed who meet regularly (every six months now) to share data and resolve minor issues. Till date no such meeting has been suspended even when two countries were at war or dealing with high tension between them.
  • Till date 110 rounds of meeting has taken place.

Some disputes

  •  Kishanganga, Baglihar etc. projects of India were challenged by Pakistan as being against the IWT.
  • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), The Hague however found out that India has not acted against the treaty and thus gave a green signal to these projects.

To know more about these disputes please refer -

http://www.readrevise.com/articles/7

 

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